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Home >Language > Useful Words

  Useful Words
   
Most Frequently Used Expressions
The expressions in this section are ones you'll use again and again-they are the fundamental building blocks of conversation.They will help you to express your wants or needs,and they include some simple question forms.We suggest that you become very familiar with these phrases.
Hello.
yes
not so
right
wrong
maybe
please
thank you.
You're welcome.
good
wonderful
beautiful
May I trouble you?
Excuse me.    
  • ( to apologize for something)
  • ( to get attention)
I'm very sorry.
Just a second.
Is it convenient?
O.K.
That's all right.
It doesn't matter.
Forget it. Never mind.
No problem.
No hurry.
Good morning.
Good night.
Goodbye. (see you later)
See you tomorrow.
Forms of Address
The following are traditional forms of address.They were used extensively in prerevolutionary China but fell into disuse, especially during the Cultural Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s, when they were condemned as bourgeois.To the extent that they have been uesd at all in recent years, they have been reserved for very famous and high-ranking people.The titles are now making a comeback, however.They are often used to describe foreign guest and in turn may be used to good effect by foreigners-the Chinese rather like hearing these titles,in fact.. It's best not to use TONGZHI "comrade", when speaking with the Chinese, however,even though they tend to use it frequently among themselves; as a guest in their country you are not, strictly speaking, a corade.
Sir
Madame
Miss
Ms.
Comrade
Communications
Do you speak English?
I sprak a little Chinese.
Do you understand?
I understand.
I don't understand.
Let me think.
What ?
What did you say ?
How do you say _____ in Chinese?
What does this ( that ) mean?
Please speak more slowly.
Please repeat.
That is not important.
Introductions
I' m American.

My name is ____ .

_____
What's your name?  
  • ( formal )
  • ( colloquial )
How are you ?
Very well, thanks, and you?
Getting Around
Where is ____ ? __________
  • the washroom
  • the toilet
  • the dining room
  • the entrance
  • the exit
  • the taxi
  • the telephone
Please help me.
I'm lost.
We're lost.
Where are my friends?
Where is the tourist bus?
I am looking for______ .
Which way did they go?
  • to the left
  • to the right
  • straight ahead
Shopping
How much does it cost?
I'd like___.
Please give me____.
Please show me_____.
just right
approximately;more or less
Miscellaneous
I'm hungry.
I'm thirsty.
I 'm tired.
I don't feel well.
I'm sick.
What's that?
What's up?How's everything?
Do you know ?
I don't know.
Questions
Where is _____ ?
When?
How much?
Who?
Why?
How?
What?
Which?
Problems ( Emergenices)
Help! ( for life-threatening emergencies only )
I need help quickly !
Be careful ! Watch out !
Look !
Listen !
Wait !
Fire !
Stop him !
I have lost ____
  • my suitease
  • my watch
He has stolen____
  • my passport
  • my wallet; purse
Complications
I haven't done anything wrong.
I want to go to__________
  • the Amercan consulate
  • the police station
Can you help me, please?
Who speaks English ?
I need an interpreter.
Numbers

You will use numbers the moment you arrive in China,whether it be toexchange money ay airport,pay a taxi diver,or describe the length of your stay to a customs offcial or hotel clerk.Here we list the cardinal numbers, give the rule for converting a cardinal to an ordinal number,and also specify fractions and other useful measures.

0
1
2  
  • ( the numeral )
  • ( when used in collaboration with measure words)
3
4
5
6
7
8
9
10
11
12
13
14
15
16
17
18
19
20
21
22
30
31
40
50
60
70
80
90
100
101
102
103
110
120
130
200
201
300
400
500
600
1,000
1,001
1,100
1,200
1,350
2,000
5,000
10,000
100,000
1,000,000
10,000,000
100,000,000
1,000,000,000
Ordinal Numbers

Making cardinal number into ordinal number is a simple task in Chinese.You simply add the prefix to the number.Note the following examples:

first
second
third
fourth
tenth
fiftieth
one hundredth
one thousandth
Fractions and Quantities
a half
half a
a quarter
three-quarters
a third
two-thirds
a cup of
a dozen of
a kilogram of
a catty of ( Chinese measurement )
a liter of
a little bit of
a lot of
a pair of
enough of
too much of
ratio
_______percent _____
  • twenty
  • seventy-five
_______times as much ____
  • six
  • one hundred
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